Abortion Clinic Regulations

Understanding Abortion Clinics and Regulations

Abortion Clinc PhotoMany people interested in learning more about abortion may want to know some basic facts about abortion clinics and procedures. An abortion clinic is a medical facility that’s main purpose is to perform abortions. These clinics may either be public medical centers or private practices and can vary greatly, depending on their location and population.

An abortion clinic will generally have a range of medical professionals, from doctors and nurses, to medical technicians and general staff. A women considering an abortion is seen by a healthcare provider during an initial consultation and is responsible for discussing all of the options available to the woman, including not having an abortion. This doctor will discuss a medical history and have any laboratory tests done before making recommendations for each individual case. There will also be a physical exam which may include an ultrasound. Since there are multiple options for cessation of pregnancy, regulations for abortion clinics must ensure that there is minimal risk to the woman by taking certain steps and procedures before having an abortion.

Teen AbortonAbortion clinics are regulated by a variety of healthcare and work site regulations. These state and federal laws are responsible for ensuring qualified staff and healthcare providers are present. The major regulations in place at abortion clinics are CLIA, HIPAAA, and OSHA requirements. Additionally, there may be increased regulations that vary from state to state, depending on the laws that have been enacted in that area.

Many states have increased regulations for abortion clinics. The Targeted Regulation of Abortion Providers (TRAP) bill is designed to regulate clinics on a state-to-state basis. (Resource: http://www.teenbreaks.com/abortion/abortionhome.cfm 2013) They provide regulations in a few key areas. One area is generally personnel qualifications and building requirements. Another area is ensuring that abortion clinics are registered specifically with the state as an abortion provider. A third and final area of regulation is regulating specific clinics where abortions may be provided. This area gives each abortion clinic a specific designation to ensure clarity and specificity. These TRAP bills are present in many states and the strength of their regulations vary from state to state. Anyone interested in learning more about regulations in a specific area can view these online.

Additionally, regulations for all healthcare providers and abortion clinics require that medical professionals employed maintain professional standards and licenses and also complete continuing medical education courses. This is a standard for all healthcare workers including physicians and clinicians. Each medical personnel employed at these sites is required to be registered with their nation and statewide organization. For example, a nurse working at an abortion clinic is required to keep up with licensing requirements and be certified as a registered nurse with the state and federal nursing association. This requirement is shared by all healthcare professionals, and each individual must be registered in their area.

The National Abortion Federation is the professional association of abortion providers and can be used by anyone to view a profile of their physician before having an abortion performed. This organization has established policy guidelines that are designed to ensure certain standards for abortion providers. Anyone interested in viewing these guidelines can see the entire evidence-based Clinical Policy Guidelines on the NAF website.

There have also been professional guidelines established by organizations linked to abortion clinics and providers. Planned Parenthood of America and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists have established professional guidelines for abortion clinics. These are standards of care that are held by physicians and healthcare providers at clinics which perform or specialize in the varying options for abortions.

There are also certain guidelines which may restrict abortion clinics from performing certain services to women. Most abortion clinics are allowed to perform in-clinic abortions as well as provide a medical abortion, the abortion pill. Depending on the state, an abortion clinic may not be allowed to perform an abortion after the first trimester of a woman’s pregnancy. The National Abortion Foundation does provide information about late-term abortion procedures and clinics that are regulated to perform these procedures. In some cases, a woman may not be able to have an abortion at a private clinic and instead, have the procedure done in a hospital setting.

These are the major functions of an abortion clinic and the regulations required for each clinic. For a more thorough understanding of regulations and services, view specific regulations and requirements in each state.

What Is An Abortion?

What is an Abortion

An abortion is best described as the early termination of pregnancy before the fetus can independently live outside of the mother’s womb. At times this process takes place on its own and this type is known as spontaneous abortion or miscarriage, if it takes place before the pregnancy becomes 24 weeks old. However, women have a right to choose to terminate a pregnancy. This is known as therapeutic or induced abortion.

Young Teen AbortionDeciding to have an abortion is an extremely personal decision and greatly differs from one individual to another. In case you are planning on having an abortion, it is important that you carefully consider what is right for you before proceeding. This not only includes how you feel, but also its effect on you in your future years. The big question here then is, how do you know what the right decision is for you.

For your personal benefit, It is very important that you have wide and varied discussions with your doctor, parents, spouse, close personal friends or a trusted adult to help with your decision. You may also consider consulting someone who understands how your life is going be affected if you decide to carry on with the pregnancy and give birth. With either choice, someone has made this decision before and can provide you with their personal insights. Your choices vary from:

1. Having the baby, and supporting and raising it to adulthood.

2. Having the baby, and placing it for adoption.

3. Have an abortion.

Baby ImageFor those who opt for an abortion, planning is a very important factor to consider. Most women, especially younger ones, for fear of becoming parents at an early age normally end up practicing very unsafe abortion that greatly endangers their lives. It is for this purpose that we are going to discuss how a safe abortion can be performed. According to World Health Organization, an unsafe abortion is one that is done by unskilled persons, using hazardous equipment, or in an unsanitary facility.

For the first trimester, abortions are done most safely before week twelve of the pregnancy where vacuum aspiration or low-risk medicine procedure can be used. However, after nine (9) weeks, medicine is no longer recommended, only surgical method can be used. The pregnancy weeks are calculated from the day of the woman’s most current menstrual period which then determines the type of abortion to be carried out. Several procedures can be used, but the safest ones include medical and surgical abortion (that done by doctors). Surgical abortion may however be problematic in second trimester as it may involve infection, moderate to severe pain, and heavy blood loss.

Medical abortion the use of medicine to terminate pregnancy, which is possible within the first 9 weeks of the pregnancy. It involves two different drugs, milfepristone or methotrexate that may be followed with another drug known as misoprostol. Despite the fact that they cause an abortion without necessarily someone having to undergo a surgical procedure such as vacuum and dilation, they typically take much longer to work when compared to a surgical abortion procedure.

A typical medical abortion treatment schedule requires a minimum of two visits to a doctor over a number of weeks. One medicine is usually taken during the first visit and the second given to you to take at home. The medicine causes a reasonable amount of cramping followed by bleeding that may last for approximately 2 weeks from the date of the first visit. A follow-up examination may then be carried out to ensure that the procedure has worked effectively. This is because failure would require you to undertake a surgical abortion.

A surgical abortion terminates a pregnancy by surgically removing the uterus content. The procedure used varies depending on how old the pregnancy is. The most common type is vacuum aspiration, normally done to first trimesters of pregnancy aged between 5 to 12 weeks. It involves anesthesia, during which cervix is gently dilated approximately a quarter-inch and a small narrow tube inserted via the vagina and cervix to the uterus, then the pregnancy and uterine internal lining content vacuumed out. This procedure only takes some minutes after which the woman can return home.

Second trimester’s surgical abortions are of two types, dilation and evacuation and induction abortion (a non-surgical method). They are rare and normally done on pregnancies that are 13 weeks old and above. During an Induction abortion procedure, a medicine known as prostaglandin, followed by some anesthesia is administered. It causes uterine contractions that results to the fetus being expelled from the uterus. It is usually done only for pregnancies that have medical complications. Dilation and evacuation involves a combination of dilation, vacuum aspiration and curettage, and use of surgical instruments to empty the uterus of placental tissue and fetal.

Each procedure has its benefits and possible complications. Thoroughly discuss all implications with your qualified physician to ensure the best and safest method for you personally.

Types Of Abortion

Types Of Abortion U Must Know About

Medical abortion

Types Of AbortionThis is the way to use up to nine weeks. For many this type of abortion sounds very simple and easily made. Medical abortion is composed of two visits to the women’s clinic, plus a return visit. First visit to the women’s clinic is to get a hormone tablet that makes the body stops and prepares the body to reject the fetus. It is common with nausea of ​​this tablet but you can not throw them near two hours for the tablet has no effect. So it’s good to stay near the clinic for two hours. Puke it, it would follow back to take another tablet. Hopefully, will not you do it and can go home after two hours. It is common that one can get a little bleeding of the tablet but it is only natural.

Pregnant AbortionTwo days later, it’s time for another visit in the women’s clinic.  When you get there you first take pretty strong painkillers to prevent the coming contractions and for vaginal suppositories. This will trigger contractions of the uterus that can do very little. Do you need an analgesic spray to get it. In contractions can both get heat pad and a TNS – device that soothes and feels very comfortable. After a few hours u begin to bleed, the bleeding is heavier than usual and some also get pains similar to menstrual cramps. The bleeding continues for two to three weeks after the abortion.

Approximately four weeks after treatment should be on the revisit of the women’s clinic. On the return visit to check that there is nothing left in the uterus. There is a risk that they are remnants of the placenta, fetal membranes or blood, then a scraping. Making a scraping means that an instrument is introduced into the uterus and the remnants that remain are sucked or scraped out carefully. During this one is under sedation or local anesthesia may be.

Abortion by using drugs is not appropriate to do after the ninth week of pregnancy because there is a risk that not all of the fetus and placenta are expelled.

Surgical abortion.

This abortion is similar to a miscarriage. Surgical abortion is up to twelfth – thirteenth week of pregnancy. After that the fetus is too large for this method. If you have not given birth before, so pre-treated women with hormone pills that you either swallow or get stuck in the vagina. You can also get the tablets with a pin, which is entered in the cervix. These hormone tablets or pin operates under three to four hours and do as the cervix opens.

Hormone tablets containing prostaglandin that causes contractions. In the morning, go to the women’s clinic on the day of the abortion. The surgery is done on an empty stomach, 12-24hrs one should not eat or drink anything. Usually it is anesthetized during surgery, but you can also get a local anesthetic. Which of the stunning method´s you choose, abortion is not painful. It may also be an analgesic tablet or spray before the procedure.

The surgery is performed by a gynecologist. Your doctor will insert an instrument that is attached to a suction. Gently suction the fetus and placenta out of the womb. The entire process takes about twenty minutes. When the abortion is complete, you stay at the clinic for a few hours to recover after surgery. Contractions are common after surgery, pain similar to menstrual cramps. You can get pain pills or an injection of painkiller.

The pain is due to the uterus from contracting. Bleeding is normal after a surgical abortion and lasts for about ten days. Other side effects are rare. Sterility after a surgical abortion is extremely rare.

Late abortion.

After the 13th week of pregnancy its not a simple operation to do because of risk of injury to the uterus and cervix. Abortion is done in two or three steps with a treating drugs.

In the first step relaxes the cervix up to be broadened when the fetus is expelled. The relaxation will take some time, 12-16 hours. You can choose to stay at home or in hospital depending on the method used. The preparation is not painful. The first step in abortion treatment is not available in all clinics.

Two steps means that the uterus is stimulated to contraction. There are different ways to achieve them. You can get uterine contractile agents in liquid form injected into the uterus through the abdomen, through the cervix or a drip in his arm. It can also be inserted into the vagina as tablets. When the uterus will contract regularly expelled fetus eventually out.

How long it takes are extremely different, from 10 to 48 hours. It resembles a baby because you get headaches that come regularly and it hurts like when you give birth. During this time you are admitted to the hospital to get pain relief. Contractions do much hurt and pain can lead to vomiting. The best effect of this is pain relief with morphine or local anesthetic. If you have not given birth before, it takes longer.

The third step is about the placenta. The fetus is expelled and the placenta must follow, sometimes this is done quickly and completely with the fetus. If it takes a long time before the placenta comes out, if there is bleeding or remaining pieces of placenta in the womb have a scraping done. It is the operation department and is painless thanks to the anesthesia or other form of anesthesia. The woman can get breast milk even after an abortion, to prevent this medicine is given.